George Frideric Handel’s successes and failures as an independent entrepreneur in mercantile London are legendary. His hard-fought rivalry with his colleague Porpora had artistic consequences amply documented in the development of his operas and oratorios. He then hit on the genial idea to present concertos on the organ to his public as entertainment during the intermissions and scored a sensational success. Even Porpora’s star-studded ensemble of vocalists including the famous Farinelli as a powerful drawing card could no longer compete with him. After four seasons the Italians quit the field. During later generations Handel’s organ concertos inspired the production of highly imaginative arrangements. What Samuel de Lange (completely forgotten today, unjustly so) did with the sources about 150 years later is now for the first time being presented in audiophile form on the historic Furtwängler & Hammer organ in Lüneburg.
Handel’s score is retained without changes in de Lange’s arrangements. However, the Dutch piano and organ virtuoso allowed himself some freedoms when it came to additions. Here we find plenty of secondary parts and counterparts, harmonic expansions, and new virtuosic elements. Handel’s organ part, mostly in two voices, is transformed into a sumptuous keyboard texture, and some free cadenzas offer the soloist room for interpretive liberties.
The great respect shown by de Lange for his masterful source material is reflected even in his musical text: he precisely noted in the original when the organ was to play and when the orchestra was to do the same. On a three-manual instrument, like the one available to de Lange in Rotterdam, the organist could produce a genuine “concerto” – with solo and tutti in alternation – just as had once been Handel’s practice.
Rudolf Innig, a specialist in the special, has selected the Furtwängler & Hammer organ at the Church of St. Nicholas in Lüneburg (built in 1899) for de Lange’s Handel transcriptions. This instrument’s fifty stops on three manuals mean that it corresponds perfectly to de Lange’s ideas. The result: rarely does one have the opportunity to take a look at the eighteenth century from a nineteenth-century perspective with such a knowledgeable guide. A double historical delight!
Handel, Georg Frideric: Orgelkonserter (arr. Samuel de Lange)
Concerto op. 4/1 g minor
Concerto op. 4/2 B flat major
Concerto op. 4/3 g minor
Concerto op. 4/4 F major
Concerto op. 4/5 F major
Concerto op. 4/6 B flat major
Rudolf Innig, Furtwängler & Hammer Organ, St. Nicolai Church Lüneburg